Hugo Lehmann, Adolf Hitler

Hugo Lehmann, Adolf Hitler Hugo Lehmann, Adolf Hitler Hugo Lehmann, Adolf Hitler

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Price:€ 1500.00


Hugo Lehmann, Adolf Hitler

This is a Heinrich Hofmann original period print. It is unclear whether Hugo Lehmann’s original painting (below) was copied from a photo of Heinrich Hoffmann, or if Heinrich Hoffmann took a photo of Lehmann’s painting.
The text printed under it reads:
- left corner: ‘Nr. 1049’
- right corner: ‘Photo Hoffmann – München’
- under: ‘Druck Albert Frisch Berlin’ (Printing house)
On the backside of this period print is adhered a German newspaper from June 1933. 

- condition : II                    
- size : 63 x 47 cm, unframed
- type : original period poster               
- misc. : newspaper from 1933 adhered to the backsite

Left: Hugo Lehmann, portrait of Adolf Hitler (sold some years ago at an auction in Germany).
Right: Hugo Lehmann, Adolf Hitler. This painting probably hung in the Kleiner Sitzungssaal of the Altes Rathaus of Nurnberg (sitting room of the old city hall), where Hitler and high party officials waited prior to appearing for the Nurnberg Rally. It was sold in 2010 in the United States.

Left: Adolf Hitler, Voters Pamphlet.
Right: Völkischer Beobachter (German Nazi-magazine, advertisment board).

Left: Hugo Lehmann, Adolf Hitler. Proclamation of Der Anschluss. Painting of Hitler on the night he proclaimed the establishment of the Greater German Empire (Der Anschluss), 12 March 1938, at the Rathaus in Linz, Austria. 
Right: stamp with the same depiction.

Left: Hugo Lehmann, portrait of Gauleiter Karl Wahl (Gau: Schwaben).
Right: Hugo Lehmann, portrait of Gauleiter Fritz Reinhardt (Gau: Oberbayern).

Hitler as art
Thirty-six paintings and busts of Hitler were displayed at the Great German Art Exhibitions from 1937 to 1944. The first painting that people saw when they entered the exhibition was one of Der Führer in Room 1. In similar fashion, the official exhibition catalogues all started with a picture of the 'Schirmherr (patron) Des Haus der Deutschen Kunst'. Around 450 portraits depicting Hitler and other Nazi-officials and symbols are currently stored in the U.S. Army Center of Military History in Washington. Keeping this German War Art Collection in the US is not seen by the Americans as a violation of the 1907 Hague Convention and the 1970 UNESCO Treaty on cultural property, as they don’t classify these paintings as art. 
This remarkable point of view leads us to the following question: Is a painting of Angela Merkel, Joseph Stalin, Benjamin Netanyahu or General Spoor art or non-art? And who decides this? Respectively German left-wing extremists? Russian civilians? Palestinians or Indonesian civilians? Can people be interested in a portrait of Napoleon (or Hitler) because of it’s historical significance? Or does their interest mean that they are automatically right-wing extremists with the aim of conquering the whole of Europe? This last point of view echoes the theory of Hannah Ahrend who states: “The essence of terror lies in the immediate transition from accusation to conviction. One thing we learned very well from the tragic 1930s and 1940s is that classifying art as ‘non-art’ and forbidding books for political reasons is a dead-end street. No matter how much one dislikes Hitler, Napoleon, Caligula or Stalin, and no matter how much their depictions were used as propaganda, a painting or sculpture of them cannot be reclassified as 'non art'.

Hugo Lehmann
Hugo Lehmann (1871–1941) was a German photographer and portrait painter. He lived and worked in Düsseldorf. Lehmann was a well-known Third Reich artist who created numerous portraits of Hitler and high NSDAP functionaries as well as templates for propaganda postcards. Hugo Lehmann’s painting of Hitler on the night he proclaimed the establishment of the Greater German Empire (‘Der Anschluss’ on 12 March 1938 at the Rathaus in Linz, Austria) was extremely popular. Numerous copies were displayed in schools, offices, and public institutions throughout the Reich. The image was even depicted on German postage stamps.
Lehmann’s death in 1941 cut short his position as Court-painter.