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Hermann Gradl, Titisee

Hermann Gradl, Titisee Hermann Gradl, Titisee Hermann Gradl, Titisee

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'Titisee'

Hermann Gradl was represented in the Great German Art Exhibitions with 40 works, all landscapes. Goebbels bought five of his works and Adolf Hitler bought 15 of the paintings for prices of up to 25,000 Reichsmark. In Eva Braun’s will, drawn up on October 26, 1944, we also see that she possessed paintings from Hermann Gradl.

- condition : II                    
- size : 36,5 x 30 cm, excluding frame 
- signed : left, under
- type : oil on carton                                         

 






Hermann Gradl, Mainlandschaft. GDK 1942. Bought by Hitler for 25.000 RM (in possession of Deutsches Historisches Museum). 



Left: Hermann Gradl, postcard. Ornbau-Altmühltal, GDK 1944, room 26. Bought by Hitler for 15.000 (for the Neue Reichskanzlei in Berlin). In possession of the Deutsches Historisches Museum.
Right: Hermann Gradl, Marktheidenfeld. 
   



Left: Hermann Gradl, postcard. 'Rothenfels am Main'.
Right: Hermann Gradl, postcard. 'Sommer am Bodensee' 
 

         
        
Left: Hermann Gradl, art print, ‘Seelandschaft’ (‘Lake landscape’). 
Right: Hermann Gradl, art print, 'Flusslandschaft' ('River landscape'). 
Gradl was commisioned by Adolf Hitler to paint six Monumental-paintings for the huge dining room of the Neuen Reichskanzlei in Berlin: 'Hochgebirge', 'Bächlein', 'Seelandschaft', 'Flaches Land', 'Mittelgebrige' and 'Flusslandschaft'. These six works are depicted in 'Die Kunst im Dritten Reich', 1939. 
In the GDK 1939 room 15, two works were displayed named: 'Seelandschaft' and 'Flusslandschaft'. The two works look almost the same as the monumental works Gradl created for the Neue Reichskanzlei ('für die speisesaal des erweiterungsbaues der Neuen Reichskanzlei in Berlin geschaffen').
  


Adolf Hitler visiting the Grosse Deutsche Kunstausstellung 1938. Next to Hitler, Prof. Karl Kolb, director of the Haus der Deutschen Kunst, Adolf Ziegler, president of the Reichskammer of the visual arts and Heinrich Himmler. At the background ‘Meinlandschaft’ by Hermann Gradl (bought for 15.000 Reichsmark by Hitler).









Hermann Gradl: Hitler's favourite landscape painter
Hermann Gradl (1883–1964) sun of a lawyer, was a German painter and illustrator. He studied at the Münchner Kunstgewerbeschule and taught at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste Nürnberg) on the subject of weaving and ceramics. Like Hitler, he was not accepted at the Academy of Art. In the field of painting he was more or less an autodidact. With his first paintings he participated successfully at the exhibition of the Münchner Glaspalast in 1913/14. His success grew and a few years later he already belonged to the circle of popular new artists. With his romantic painting style his great breakthrough came when the National Socialists, who very much liked the Naturalists of the 19th century, came to power. They saw in Naturalism: 'the typical appearance of the German Land, in its intertwining of Nature and Culture and its many different guises as Motherland of the German Nation'.
In 1934 Hermann Gradl became a member of the National Socialistic teachers' organization (NSLB); in 1939 he was installed as Director of the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in der Stadt der Reichsparteitage Nürnberg. In 1941 he entered the NSDAP. In 1937 Adolf Hitler visited Gradl in his atelier very enthusiastic about the artist’s work. Hitler stated: 'I will destroy the Bolshevik Art. You can trust my words in this Professor Gradl'. Later Hitler said several times at public occasions that Gradl was his favourite landscape painter, which inspired many highly positioned Nazi officers, among them Speer and Goebbels, to buy the paintings from Gradl. Hitler, who classified Gradl also as one of the 12 most important artists of the Third Reich (the Gotbegnadeten List), gave Gradl the order to paint six Monumental-paintings for the huge dining room of the Neuen Reichskanzlei in Berlin: 'Hochgebirge', 'Bächlein', 'Seelandschaft', 'Flaches Land' , 'Mittelgebrige' and 'Flusslandschaft'. Gradl received for the idyllic landscapes, which hung in the dining room that was 48 metres long, 5 metres high and 10 metres wide, a sum of 120.000 Reichsmark, the equivalent of 100 Volkswagens.
In the GDK's Gradl was represented with 40 works. Hitler bought 15 of his paintings and Joseph Goebbels 5, for prices of up to 25.000 RM. Four works by Gradl were displayed at the XXI Venice Biennale, 1938. 
Hermann Gradl died in 1964 in Nürnberg.