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Ferdinand Spiegel, Sarntaler Bauer

Ferdinand Spiegel, Sarntaler Bauer Ferdinand Spiegel, Sarntaler Bauer Ferdinand Spiegel, Sarntaler Bauer

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'Sarntaler Bauer' ('Farmer from Sarntal')
Depicted is 'The Face of a People' ('Das gesicht eines Volkes'): the profile of a farmer from the Sarntal in South-Tyrol, a population believed to be descendants of the Goths.

Displayed at the GDK 1937 room 4 and again at the GDK 1938 room 6.

Likely also displayed at the 1935-exhibition ‘Kollektiv-Ausstellung der NS-Kulturgemeinde Berlin’, which took place in the Berlin gallery of the Commissar for Supervision Alfred Rosenberg (‘Der Beauftragte des Führers für Überwachung’).


'Sarntaler Bauer', displayed under the name 'Berghirt' ('Mountain-shepherd') at the GDK 1937 room 4. In 1938 it was displayed again at the GDK, however under the name 'Sarntaler Bauer'. 




'Sarntaler Bauer': 'The Face of a People'
The 'Farmer from Sarntal' was likely also displayed at the 1935-exhibition ‘Kollektiv-Ausstellung der NS-Kulturgemeinde Berlin’, which took place in the Berlin gallery of the Commissar for Supervision Alfred Rosenberg (‘Der Beauftragte des Führers für Überwachung’). In this highly publicized show, works were shown by Ferdinand Spiegel, Joseph Thorak and Ferdinand Liebermann. In total, Spiegel displayed 60 works here, all created in the Sarntal.
'Das Bild', April 1935, in which the exhibition is described, writes about the 'Rest eines königlichen, Germanischen Stammes' in the region of Bolzano, the capital city of South Tyrol: the 'Sarntalern', descendants of the Goths, 'Gotensöhne'. Ferdinand Spiegel perfectly catched, according to Das Bild, the essence and the soal of these mountain-farmers; with good reason the organisors of the exhibition, the NS-Kulturgemeinde, gave the displayed works by Spiegel the title 'Das Gesicht eines Volkes' ('The Face of a People').       


- condition : III  tear of 6 cm right under                    
- size : 54 x 35 cm unframed 
- signed : left under: 'Ferdinand Spiegel Tyrol 32'
- type : mixed technique                                        

 

'Contadino con Toro'
Ferdinand  Spiegel, 'Bauer mit Stier' ('Famer with Bull'). GDK 1937 room 4. Tempera. Depicted in 'die Kunst im Dritten Reich', 1937, and in 'Deutsche Maler der gegenwart', 1937. Also displayed at the XXI Esposizione Biennale Internazionale d'Arte, 1938 under the name 'Contadino con Toro'.




Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Baurnfamilie' ('Peasant-family'). Displayed at the 1935-exhibition ‘Kollektiv-Ausstellung der NS-Kulturgemeinde Berlin’ which took place in the Berlin gallery of the Commissar for Supervision Alfred Rosenberg (‘Der Beauftragte des Führers für Überwachung’). In this highly publicized show, works were shown by Ferdinand Spiegel, Joseph Thorak and Ferdinand Liebermann. In total, Spiegel displayed 60 works here, all created in the Sarntal.
Depicted in 'Das Bild', April 1935 and in 'Das bäuerliche Jahr, Ein Buch vom Bauerntum in Bildern deutscher Maler', 1939.



Left: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Bauer' ('Farmer'). Depicted in 'Das bäuerliche Jahr, Ein Buch vom Bauertum in Bildern deutscher Maler', 1939.
Right: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Kopf eines Hirten' ('Head of a Shepherd'). Displayed at the 'Münchener Kunstausstellung', 1927, Glaspalast. Depicted in the official exhibition catalogue.
  



Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Arbeitskameraden' ('Work-comrades'). GDK 1940 room 6. Bought for 7.500 Reichsmark by Theo Memmel, mayor of the city of Würzburg. In the possession of the Museum Kulturspeicher, Würzburg. Mixed technique. Size 225 x 150 cm.



Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Flieger, Landsoldat, Marine‘ (‘Pilot, Infantrist, Sailor‘). GDK 1937 room 6.



Ferdinand Spiegel, ‘SA-Mann, SS-Mann, Arbeitsdienst‘ (‘SA-Men, SS-Men, Labor-service‘). GDK 1937 room 6.




Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Am Schanktisch der Frauen/ Bayerische Wirtin' ('At the Bar of Women/ Bavarian Innkeeper'), 1914. Size 80 x 80 cm. Depicted in 'Bruckmanns Lexikon der Münchener Kunst', 1994.
Left: 'Am Schanktisch der Frauen/ Bayerische Wirtin' depicted in the magazine 'Jugend', 1915.
Right: 'Am Schanktisch der Frauen/ Bayerische Wirtin', sold by a German auction house in 2001.
  


Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Luftlandetruppe, Panzerjäger H.‘ ('Airborne Forces, Tank-hunter H.'). GDK 1941, bought by Hitler for 4.000 Reichsmarks. In the possession of the US Army Centre for Military History. Depicted in the 'Nationalsozialistische Monatshefte, Zentrale politische und kulturelle Zeitschrift der NSDAP, Heft 135, 1941, and in 'Kunst dem Volk', September 1941.




Left: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Tiroler Bauer' ('Farmer from Tyrol'). Depicted on the cover of the magazine 'Jugend', 1917.
Right: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Bayerische Jäger´('Bavarian Hunter'). Depicted on the cover of the magazine 'Jugend', 1915.
  


Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Partisanenposten, -Männer der Organisation Todt' ('Looking for Guerrillas, -Men from the Organization Todt'). GDK 1943 room 36.




Left: '1914 - 1915', War Depictions by Fritz Erler and Ferdinand Spiegel: 30 waterworks by Erler and Spiegel depicting battlefield in and around Arras, Ypres and Lille). Some were also printed in 'die Kunst für Alle', 1915. The orignal works were displayed in 1915 in Galerie Caspari in Munich; 12 of these works were bought by the Kgl. Pinakothek.
Right: 12 of the 30 works are by Ferdinand Spiegel, one of them named 'Flussübergang' ('Crossing the River').
  


Left: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Zimmerman, -Männer der Organisation Todt' ('Carpenter, -
Men from the Organization Todt'). GDK 1943 room 36.
Right: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Arbeiter mit Kranen, -Männer der Organisation Todt' ('Workman with Cranes, -Men from the Organizatio Todt'). GDK 1943 room 36.
  


Die Deutsche Wochenschau, 30 June 1943, nr. 669  (at 5.37)
Shown in 'Die Deutsche Wochenschau' in 1943 are two works by Spiegel:
Left: 'Zimmerman, -Männer der Organisation Todt';
Right: 'Atlantikarbeiter, Maschinst, -Männer der Organisation Todt' ('Atlantik-worker, Engine-driver'). GDK 1943 room 36. Depicted in 'Die Kunst im Deutschen Reich', 1943.
  


Left: Ferdinand Spiegel, ‘Jungbauer mit Vieh‘ (‘Young farmer with Cattle‘). Depicted in the ‘Nationalsozialistische Monatshefte, Zentrale politische und kulturelle Zeitschrift der NSDAP‘, Heft 60, 1935.
Right: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Bäuerin' ('Female-farmer'). Depicted in 'Deutsche Maler der gegenwart', 1937. 
  


Postcards designed by Ferdinand Spiegel. Created in the first decade of the 20th century.



'Truppe Aerotrasportate , -Cacciatore di Carri Armati J.M.'
Left: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Luftlandetruppe Panzerjäger J.M.' ('Airborne Forces, Tank-hunter J.M.') GDK 1941 room 36. Bought by Hitler for 4.000 Reichsmark. Also displayed at the XXIII Esposizione Biennale Internazionale d'Arte, 1942 under the name 'Truppe Aerotrasportate , -Cacciatore di Carri Armati J.M.'.
Right: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Wache der OT., - Männer der Organisation Todt' ('Guard of the Organisation OT, -Men of the Organisation Todt'). GDK 1943 room 36.
  



'Truppe Aerotrasportate, -Cacciatore di Carri Armati H.M.'
Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Luftlandetruppe, -Panzerjäger H.M.' ('Airborn Forces, -Tank-hunter H.M.). GDK 1941 room 36. Bought by Hilter for 4.500 Reichsmark. Also displayed at the XXIII Esposizione Biennale Internazionale d'Arte, 1942 under the name 'Truppe Aerotrasportate , -Cacciatore di Carri Armati H.M.'




Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Panzer' ('Tanks'). Giant mural which combined the modern army with the old Prussian cavalry. Depicted in Peter Adam, Art of the Third Reich.




Ferdinand Spiegel, frescos in the Diningroom of the 'Erweiterungsbau der Reichshauptbank' in Berlin (Extension of the Reichshauptbank). Depicted in ‘Kunst dem Volk’, Mai, 1940. The frescos are lost.
  


Left: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Kampfflieger' ('Fighter Pilot'). GDK 1941 room 36.
Right: Ferdinand Spiegel, 'Flieger Sch.' ('Pilot Sch.'). GDK 1941 room 36. 
  







Ferdinand Spiegel, painter of heroic German farmers and soldiers
Ferdinand Spiegel (1879–1950), born in Würzburg as the son of a shoemaker, was a German painter and sketcher.
In 1898 he attended the ‘Naturklasse’ of Gabriel von Hack at the Munich Art Academy. Later Spiegel transferred to the Kunstgewerbeschule, where he studied under Julius Dietz.
Even before his studies he worked for the magazines Jugend and Simplicissimus. Both magazines would publish numerous works by Spiegel over four decades, often on their cover.
In 1907 Spiegel assisted Fritz Erler with the creation of the frescos in the Wiesbaden Kurhaus. He also created wall paintings for restaurants and exhibitions, amongst others for the ‘Deutsches Haus’ at the World Exhibition in Brussels, 1910. In 1914 Spiegel went in to military service. During his time at the front, he created several portraits of soldiers and war sceneries, some of which were commissioned by the Minister of War, Hermann von Stein. In 1914/15 Spiegel published, together with Fritz Erler, the booklet ‘1914–1915’, a map with 30 works depicting the battlefields in and around Arras, Ypres and Lille. The original watercolours were displayed in 1915 in Galerie Caspari in Munich; 12 of them were bought by the Kgl. Pinakothek.
Some of his portraits of soldiers from World War I were published again in 1936 at the request of the Ministry of War. In 1916 Spiegel was, at the age of 37, appointed as Professor by Arthur Kamp, at the Berliner Akademische Hochschule. Spiegel, who exhibited in the Glaspalast from 1903 onwards, painted mainly portraits, genre- and war scenes, as well as depictions of rustic- and folk life in Bavaria and Tyrol.
Especially German farmers and soldiers were the heroic subjects of his work. In 1933, at the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the Hitler Putsch, Spiegel displayed 23 works in the Städtische Galerie in Munich. In the following two years, he created the designs for 12 stamps of the Reichspost, including depictions of Johann Sebastina Bach, Georg Friedrich Händel and Heinrich Schütz. In 1935 the exhibition ‘Kollektiv-Ausstellung der NS-Kulturgemeinde Berlin’ took place in the Berlin gallery of the Commissar for Supervision Alfred Rosenberg (‘Der Beauftragte des Führers für Überwachung’). In this highly publicized show, works were shown by Ferdinand Spiegel, Joseph Thorak and Ferdinand Liebermann. In total, Spiegel displayed 60 works here, all created in the Sarntal. Rosenberg himself gave the opening address. Ferdinand Spiegel became a member of the Prussian Academy of Arts, and in 1937 he was appointed to Honorable Member of the Munich Art Academy. Spiegel, a representative of the ‘New German Wall Painters’, created in this time a series of wall paintings in military barracks. He was also represented with 4 depictions of farmers -including 'Sarntaler Bäuerin- at the exhibition 'Der NS.-Gemeinschaft KRAFT DURCH FREUDE', 1938, organised in co-operation with Amt Rosenberg. In 1939 Spiegel was appointed to take charge of a Meisteratelier at the Berlin Academy. A year later he became ‘Künstler im Kriegseinsatz’, and again went to the front and produced numerous paintings of the war.
Spiegel was represented at the XXI Esposizione Biennale Internazionale d'Arte, 1938 with his 'Contadino con Toro' ('Famer with Bull', GDK 1937 room 40) and two other works ('Montanaro' and 'Contadinotto'). Four years later he was at the XXIII Esposizione Biennale Internazionale d'Arte, 1942, were he showed his works: 'Truppe Aerotrasportate , -Cacciatore di Carri Armati' ('Airborne Forces, Tank-hunter J.M.', GDK 1941); 'Truppe Aerotrasportate, -Cacciatore di Carri Armati H.M. ('Airborn Forces, -Tank-hunter H.M., GDK 1941) and 'Cacciatore di Aeroplani F.' ('Fighter pilot F., GDK 1941).
At the Great German Art Exhibitions, Spiegel displayed 35 works. Among them the triptychs ‘SA-Mann, SS-Mann, Arbeitsdienst’ (‘SA Men, SS Men, Labour service’) and ‘Flieger, Landsoldat, Marine’ (‘Pilot, Infantryman, Sailor’), 11 portraits of soldiers and 11 portraits of workers of the Organization Todt.  Four works were bought by Hitler, one by Martin Bormann and one by the mayor of the city of Würzburg, Theo Memmel. The works that Hitler bought included: 'Luftlandetruppe, Panzerjäger H.‘ ('Airborne Forces, Tank-hunter H.', GDK 1941 room 36); 'Luftlandetruppe Panzerjäger J.M.' ('Airborne Forces, Tank-hunter J.M.', GDK 1941 room 36), 'Luftlandetruppe, -Panzerjäger H.M.' ('Airborn Forces, -Tank-hunter H.M., GDK 1941 room 36), and ‘Fliegerjäger F.‘ (‘Fighter pilot F.´, GDK 1941 room36).
Ferdinand Spiegel died in 1950 in Würzburg.
The Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen is in possession of ‘Portrait of Jacob Kröß’ (GDK 1938) and ‘Chiemsee-landscape’ (GDK 1940, bought by Martin Bormann for 5,500 Reichsmark, depicted in 'Bruckmanns Lexikon der Münchener Kunst', 1994).
Deutsches Hisorisches Museum is in possession of: ‘Luftlandetruppe Panzerjäger Josef Miedl’ (GDK 1941, bought by Hitler for 4,000 Reichsmark), ‘Porträt eines deutschen Oberfeldwebels der Luftwaffe’ and ‘Porträt eines deutschen Soldaten der Artillerie’. The last two paintings were likely displayed at the GDK 1941 under a different name, and bought by Hitler. 'Luftlandetruppe, Panzerjäger H.‘ (GDK 1941, bought by Hitler for 4.000 Reichsmarks) is in the possession of the US Army Centre for Military History.