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Erich Mercker, Autobahnbrücke

Erich Mercker, Autobahnbrücke Erich Mercker, Autobahnbrücke Erich Mercker, Autobahnbrücke

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Price:€ 26000.00

Description

'Autobahnbrücke' ('Autobahn bridge')

This large painting probably depicts the construction of the Lahntalbrücke near Limburg-an-der-Lahn in 1938 on the Bundesautobahn 44 from Cologne to Frankfurt. The Lahntalbrücke was 524 metres long, had 13 arches and was 65 metres high. At that time it was the largest 'Steinbogenbrücke' in Germany. The huge natural stone bridge was one of the largest building projects of the Reichsautobahnen. It was started in 1937 and it was finalized in 1939. The pillars were made from concrete and covered with natural stone (the base was covered with Lahne-marbel).

Lahntalbrücke, 1939


Left: Lahnntalbrücke 1949. The bridge was destroyed by the Wehrmacht on 26 March 1945. The next day American troops occupied Limburg and the surrounding areas.
Right: Lahntalbrücke 2013  
 

 

- condition : II                    
- size : 138 x 118 cm, unframed 120 x 100 cm 
- signed : left under
- type : oil on canvas                               
- misc. : professional reframed; double canvas



Erich Mercker, postcard. Im Reiche der Hochöfen, GDK 1942, room 12.



Left: Erich Mercker, postcard, ‘Statten der Arbeit’.
Right: Erich Mercker, ‘Putzig bei Danzig’ (‘Putzig, small port-town near Danzig’). GDK 1943, room 5. Sold for 5.000 RM. World War II began with the shelling by the Germans of the Westerplatte, a peninsula in Danzig, on 1 September 1939. In 1941 Mercker, together with Claus Bergen, was ordered by the Reichspropagandaminsterium to paint cities and landscapes within the ‘Generalgouvernement’, the occupied area of the Second Republic of Poland that was under colonial administration of Nazi Germany from 1939 to 1945. It included much of central and southern Poland, and modern-day western Ukraine. During his journey in 1941 Mercker painted ‘Putzig bei Danzig’.
     

Erich Mercker, postcard, ‘Hochofen’ (‘Blast Furnaces’). A painting very similar to this one (’Riesen der Arbeit’) hung in the GDK 1938, room 12.







Erich Mercker
Erich Mercker (1891–1973) was the son of a high-ranking Prussian officer and his family settled in Munich, Germany in 1906. Upon graduating high school, he studied at the Technische Hochschule Bauingenieurwesen (engineering) at the university in Munich and later in Berlin. World War I interrupted his studies. In 1915 he committed himself to painting and, despite being self-taught, he rapidly professionalised himself. From 1920 onwards he travelled to Austria, Italy, France, Sweden and Norway. In 1920 he was for the first time represented in the Münchner Glaspalast. Mercker painted landscapes and industrial scenes and factories in Germany (e.g., ports, iron melting fabrics, steelworks, building sites) in a neo-impressionistic style. 
When Hitler came to power, Mercker was asked to immortalize the immense construction projects that took place during the Nazi era. In May 1933 Mercker became member of the NSDAP. In March 1935 he created a large oil painting depicting the NSDAP Party building in Münich. This painting was hung in the Reichskanzlei in Berlin. Mercker won the 'Grosse Goldene Medaille' in 1937 at the World Exhibition in Paris for four monumental paintings of 5 by 4 metres in the German Pavillion: 'Nürnberg', 'Mangfallbrücke', 'Schiffshebewerk Niederfinow' and 'SS Party Rally' (only 22 works of German artist were displayed in the German Pavillion). Beginning in 1938, Erich Mercker was represented in the Great German Art Exhibitions with 34 works. His most well-known works from that era were: 'Die Stätte des 9. November', 1939 (Day of the Hitlerputsche), 'Marmor für die Reichskanzlei', 1940, 'Zeppelinfield im Bau', 1937, 'Baustelle Reichskanzlei', 1939, 'Hermann Göring Werke im Bau', 1941, 'Ein Rüstungswerk ensteht', 1943, 'U-Boote noch und noch', 1942 and 'Torpedoboote in der Werft' 1942. Adolf Hitler, Albert Speer, Robert Ley and Adolf wagner bought 15 of Mercker’s works for prices of up to 5,000 RM. One of Merckers paintings, ‘Vosstrasse’ -a picture of the construction of the New Reich Chancellery in Berlin- is still in possession of the US Army Center of Military History, Washinton DC.
At the XXIII Venice Biennale, 1942, Mercker displayed two works, including ‘Cave di marmo a Flossenburg’. This painting, ‘Granitbrüche Flosenbürg’, was earlier displayed at the GDK 1941, room 12 and bought by Hitler for 4.000 RM.
In 1944, when Mercker was bombed out of his house in Munich, he moved to the Allgäu. In 1954 he returned to Munich. He was a board member, and president, of the Münchner Künstlergenossenschaft. After 1945 he mainly painted commissioned works for large companies like MAN, Volkswagen and Bayer.
Nowadays the works of Mercker hang in several museums and institutions, including the Stadtmuseum Kiel, the Kurpfälzisches Museum in Heidelberg, the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nürnberg, the Stadtmuseum in Frankenthal, the Westpreußisches Landesmuseum Münster. In the possesion of the Deutsches Historisches Museum are: ‘Marmor für die Reichskanzlei‘ (GDK 1940 room 12), ‘Granitbrüche Flossenbürg‘ (GDK 1941 room 12), ‘Baustelle Reichskanzlei‘ (GDK 1939 room 12), ‘Märzfeld in Nürnberg‘ (GDK 1941 room 12), ‘Hermann Göring-Werke in Linz‘ (GDK 1941 room 12), ‘Ostmark-Almtalbrücke der Reichsautobahn‘ (GDK 1941 room 12), ‘Reichsautobahn Rohrbachbrücke‘ (GDK 1939 room 12), ‘Grossbaustelle Märzfeld‘, ‘Grossbauten der OT I‘ (GDK 1944 room 12), ‘Grossbauten der OT II‘ (GDK 1944 room 12). In the possession of the Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen are: ‘Deutsche Industrie‘ and two landscapes by Mercker. The Grohmann Museum in Milwaukee, founded by the industrialst Eckhart G. Grohmann, owns 81 works of Erich Mercker.
Merckers work 'Granitbrüche Flossenburg' (GDK 1941 room 12) was displayed in 2012/ 13 at the the exhibition ‘Geschichten im Konflikt‘, 2012/ 13, held in the Haus der Kunst, Munich.

* As also stated in our General Terms and Conditions, German Art Gallery offers the depicted postcards for sale. Allmost all of these postcards are 'Haus der Deutschen Kunst' editions. Prices on request.