Carl Werner, Reichenbach

Carl Werner, Reichenbach Carl Werner, Reichenbach Carl Werner, Reichenbach

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Price:€ 1500.00


Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer!
One People, one Nation, one Leader!

Original colour print. Offsetdruck Carl Werner, Reichenbach.
(the offset printing company Carl Werner in Reichenbach was bombed at 21 March, 1945)
Poster, frame and glass are original. Frame and backside are restored. Behind the passé partout is printed on the poster: "Offsetdruck Carl Werner Reichenbach iV" (im Vogtland). 
In late 1935 Heinrich Hoffmann made a photo of Hitler similar to this one. Hitler wears what has been called the statesman’s uniform. The image was mass produced throughout Germany and portrayed Hitler in cool tones and a rigid pose. His right hand is placed on his hip, compositionally cut off at the elbow, while his left hand is strategically placed on a chair support. Draped in a non-descript background, Hitler coldly stares outward recalling the Westeker statement, "The hard eye of the Commander is like lightning or the flash from a bullet shot". Hitler so approved of this image that it became the front piece for several of the yearly catalogues for the Große Deutsche Kunstausstellung, including the 1937 opening exhibit. (text: Barry Baumann Conservation, USA)
Hoffmann's influence on painter Heinrich Knirr is seen for the first time in 1935/1936 when Knirr created the painting depicted hereunder.
It is quite likely that the offset printing company Carl Werner used a Hoffmann photo here (Heinrich Hoffmann and Adolf Hitler both received royalties from all uses of Hitler's image, even on postage stamps).  

- condition : II                    
- size : 70 x 52, unframed 70 x 52
- type : original period colour poster                   
- misc. : poster, frame and glass are original (backside is restored)

Heinrich Knirr. Painted in 1935/1936

Hitler as art
Thirty-six paintings and busts of Hitler were displayed at the Great German Art Exhibitions from 1937 to 1944. The first painting that people saw when they entered the exhibition was one of Der Führer in Room 1. In similar fashion, the official exhibition catalogues all started with a picture of the “Schirmherr (patron) Des Haus der Deutschen Kunst”. Around 450 portraits depicting Hitler and other Nazi-officials and symbols are currently stored in the U.S. Army Center of Military History in Washington. Keeping this German War Art Collection in the US is not seen by the Americans as a violation of the 1907 Hague Convention and the 1970 UNESCO Treaty on cultural property, as they don’t classify these paintings as art. 
This remarkable point of view leads us to the following question: Is a painting of Angela Merkel, Joseph Stalin, Benjamin Netanyahu or General Spoor art or non-art? And who decides this? Respectively German left-wing extremists? Russian civilians? Palestinians or Indonesian civilians? Can people be interested in a portrait of Napoleon (or Hitler) because of it’s historical significance? Or does their interest mean that they are automatically right-wing extremists with the aim of conquering the whole of Europe? This last point of view echoes the theory of Hannah Ahrend who states: “The essence of terror lies in the immediate transition from accusation to conviction. One thing we learned very well from the tragic 1930s and 1940s is that classifying art as ‘non-art’ and forbidding books for political reasons is a dead-end street. No matter how much one dislikes Hitler, Napoleon, Caligula or Stalin, and no matter how much their depictions were used as propaganda, a painting or sculpture of them cannot be reclassified as “non art”.