Alfons Schneider, Voralpenlandschaft

Alfons Schneider, Voralpenlandschaft Alfons Schneider, Voralpenlandschaft Alfons Schneider, Voralpenlandschaft

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Price:€ 1700.00


'Voralpenlandschaft' ('Alpine Foreland')

The painting depicts the Alpine Foreland, probably near Mittelwald, in the neighbourhood of Schneider’s summer atelier.

- condition : II                    
- size : 95 x 80 cm, unframed 80 x 64 cm
- signed : left, under
- type : oil on canvas                                      
- misc. : professional cleaned and reframed



Alfons Schneider, 'Vor Tschernikow', GDK 1942, room 13. Tschernikow ('Tschernigow'), the Ukrainian city on the river Desna, has several war cemeteries with fallen Wehrmacht soldiers; more than 970 German soldiers lost their lives there (Photo Collection SOMA, Brussel, 184702).

Left: Alfons Schneider, 'Hochtal' ('High valey'). GDK 1938, room 19. Bought by Adolf Hitler for 1.000 RM. 'Hochtal' was placed in the Neue Reichszkanzlei ('für die Inneneinrichtung des Erweiterungsbaues der Reichskanzlei'). The painting is on the 144-List, see below.
Right: Alfons Schneider, 'Gebirgstruppe' ('Mountain-troops'). GDK 1939 room 13. Bought by Hitler for 2.500 Reichsmark. Size 157 x 137 cm. In the possession of Deutsches Historisches Museum.  

What happened to the art Hitler purchased at the Great German Art Exhibitions?
With his insatiable passion for collecting art, Hitler was the most important purchaser of works from the GDKs. Every year, several times, he visited the Haus der Deustchen Kunst. From 1937 to 1944 he bought in total 1316 works at the GDKs.  
Hitler’s mass art purchases were mostly undertaken without a plan regarding the future location of the works. He only had a specific usage in mind from the start for a few of these works of art. The majority of the paintings and sculptures acquired at the GDKs faced an uncertain future. They were stored at the Haus der Deutschen Kunst until further notice (some were eventually taken to the Führerbau).  
Below we describe the fate of a limited number of artworks which were - as an exception- given a special destination by Hitler:
1. 144 paintings, sculptures and graphic works were bought by Hitler in 1938; they were transported to Berlin and placed in the Neue Reichskanzlei under construction, which was completed in January 1939. The list of 144 works (in our possession) is not exhaustive. Hitler did buy more works at the GDK in 1938, and in later years, which were also placed in the Reichskanzlei.
2. In 1939 Hitler gave 10 works of art to the Jagdmuseum in Munich: works by Carl von Dombroswki, Ludwig Eugen, Felix Kupsch, Friedrich Reimann (5), Karl Wagner and Renz Waller.
3. A few pieces were used to decorate Hitler’s various offices and private residences; for example, Adolf Ziegler’s ‘Die Vier Elemente’ was famously placed over the fireplace in a salon of the Führerbau in Munich.
4. In April 1943 Hitler had 21 paintings from the GDK delivered to his Munich apartment in the Prinzregentenstrasse. This delivery included works by Anton Müller-Wischin, Franz Xaver Wolf, Freidrich Schüz, Hermann Urban, Ludwig Platzöder, Sep Happ and Sepp Meindl.
5. In 1939 Hitler bought two works, explicitly meant for his own personal use: ‘Beethoven’ by Josef Jurutka and ‘Bauernkrieg’ by Franz Xavier Wolf.

Left: Alfons Schneider, ‘Silvesternacht 1941’ (’New Year’s Eve 1941‘). GDK 1942, room 13.
Right: Alfons Schneider, ‘Bergried’ (‘Mountain pond’). GDK 1942, room 33.

‘Gebirgsjäger mit Reichskriegsflagge‘ (‘Mountain Troops with Imperial War Flag‘). GDK 1943, room 27. Bought by the Deutsche Arbeitsfront, Berlin (‘German Labour Front, Berlin‘) for 5.000 RM.

Alfons Schneider
Landscape painter Alfons Schneider (1868 – 1961) grew up in a family of businessmen. Before the First World War, he travelled through Europe and studied at universities in Paris, Vienna and Munich. He served in the First World War and, because of his courageous behaviour, was promoted to officer. Around 1918 he settled in Fürstenfeldbrück, where he lived until his death in 1961. Schneider had a summer atelier in Mittelwald, a village in Bavaria close to the Austrian border. In 1933, when Hitler came into power, an Aryan origin and a strong pro-German attitude became essential for artists. The regional art association 'Künstlervereinigung Fürstenfeldbruck' was dissolved and Schneider became the chairman of the newly formed National Socialist-orientated 'Fürtsenfeldbrucker Kunstring'. After WWII, in 1948, the 'Brucker Kunstring' was dissolved and the 'Künstlervereinigung Fürstenbruck' was re-founded. Schneider, who had been the chairman of the 'Brucker Kunstring' until 1945, was (again) elected chairman.
Alfons Schneider was, just like his contemporary collegue-painter Erwin Ketteman, well represented in the Great German Art Exhibitions. As supporters of the 19th century 'Karlsruher Schule', they painted huge rock formations and high mountains with a strong emphasis on geological details. However, unlike Erwin Kettemann, who only painted mountains and landscapes, Schneider also created military/political scenes, such as 'Silvesternacht 1941', 'Gebirgstrupe', 'Vor Tschernikow' and 'Gebirksjäger mit Reichskreigsfalgge'.
In the Great German Art Exhibitions Schneider had 17 paintings displayed, of which 'Gebirgstruppe'  ('Mountain Troops', GDK 1939 room 13) and 'Hochtal' ('High valey', GDK 1938, room 19) were bought by Hitler. Schneiders paintings at the GDK were sold for prices of up to 5,000 Reichsmark. 'Hochtal' was placed in the Neue Reichszkanzlei ('für die Inneneinrichtung des Erweiterungsbaues der Reichskanzlei'). The painting is on the '144-List'.
Alfons Schneider died in 1961 in Fürstenfeldbruck.
In 1986 approximately 5850 paintings hold by the US Army Cente of Military History were returned to Germany (including 'Gebirkstruppe'). Around 450 paintings were retained, of which 200 are portraits of Nazi leaders, or contain the swastika or are considered overt propaganda; the 250 remaining paintings were retained ‘as a study collection’. 'Gebirgstruppe' is nowadays in the possession of Deutsches Historische Museum, Berlin. The Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen holds 'Alpenlandschaft' by Schneider.